Originally posted by Pat ONeill:
Korvac has it right, here, Slush. The French were opposed to any plan for military action while the inspections were ongoing, and opposed to prematurely ending the inspections. The US had essentially given Iraq a Catch-22 situation:
"If we don't find the WMD, then you're hiding them and you're in violation; if you show us where they are, you have them, and you're in violation."
Either way, Dubya was going to have his war.
April 3, 1991
U.N. Security Council Resolution 687 (1991), Section C, declares that Iraq shall accept unconditionally
, under international supervision, the "destruction, removal or rendering harmless" of its weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles with a range over 150 kilometers (emphasis added). One week later, Iraq accepts Resolution 687
. Its provisions were reiterated and reinforced in subsequent action by the United Nations in June and August of 1991.
May 1991 Iraq accepts the privileges and immunities of the Special Commission (UNSCOM) and its personnel. These guarantees include the right of "unrestricted freedom of entry and exit without delay or hindrance of its personnel, property, supplies, equipment ... (emphasis added)."
June 1991 Iraqi personnel fire warning shots to prevent the inspectors from approaching the vehicles.
September 1991 Iraqi officials confiscate documents from the inspectors. The inspectors refuse to yield a second set of documents. In response, Iraq refuses to allow the team to leave the site with these documents. A four-day standoff ensues,
but Iraq permits the team to leave with the documents after a statement from the Security Council threatens enforcement actions.
October 11, 1991 The Security Council adopts Resolution 715, which approves joint UNSCOM and IAEA plans for ongoing monitoring and verification. UNSCOMs plan establishes that Iraq shall "accept unconditionally the inspectors and all other personnel designated by the Special Commission"
October 1991 Iraq states that it considers the Ongoing Monitoring and Verification Plans adopted by Resolution 715 to be unlawful and states that it is not ready to comply with Resolution 715. I'll point out here that 715 deals with who specifically carries out Resolution 687, which Iraq has already accepted unconditionally
February 1992 Iraq refuses to comply
with an UNSCOM/IAEA decision to destroy certain facilities used in proscribed programs and related items.
July 6-29, 1992 Iraq refuses an inspection team access
to the Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture. UNSCOM said it had reliable information that the site contained archives related to proscribed activities. Inspectors gained access only after members of the Council threatened enforcement action.
Sense a theme here?
January 1993 Iraq refuses
to allow UNSCOM to use its own aircraft to fly into Iraq.
June-July 1993 Iraq refuses
to allow UNSCOM inspectors to install remote-controlled monitoring cameras at two missile engine test stands.
November 26, 1993 Iraq accepts Resolution 715 and the plans for ongoing monitoring and verification. Then what the %#@& was the problem? It was adopted 10/11/91, two years earlier?
October 15, 1994 (a year after Iraq agreed to accept 715, which put UNSCOM in place to inspect)
The Security Council adopts Resolution 949, which demands that Iraq "cooperate fully" with UNSCOM
and that it withdraw all military units deployed to southern Iraq to their original positions (emphasis added). Iraq withdraws its forces and resumes working with UNSCOM.
March 1996 Iraqi security forces refuse UNSCOM teams access to five sites designated for inspection.
The teams enter the sites after delays of up to 17 hours. (Aren't you at all worried about what might have happened to the sites in those 17 hours? Not even a little?)
March 19, 1996 The Security Council issues a presidential statement expressing its concern over Iraq's behavior, which it terms "a clear violation of Iraq's obligations under relevant resolutions." The council also demands that Iraq allow UNSCOM teams immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access to all sites designated for inspection
(emphasis added). (Wasn't Tom Daschle advocating regime change about this time?)
March 27, 1996 Security Council Resolution 1051 approves the export/import monitoring mechanism for Iraq and demands that Iraq meet unconditionally
all its obligations under the mechanism and cooperate fully
with the Special Commission and the director-general of the IAEA (emphasis added).
June 1996 Iraq denies UNSCOM teams access to sites under investigation for their involvement in the "concealment mechanism" for proscribed items. (Am I going to do the next 6 years of "Iraq refuses" and "The Security Council demands", all of that, and finally have you still sit there whining "But they were working! Just give them more time! Bush just has to have his war!!!")
June 12, 1996 The Security Council adopts Resolution 1060, which terms Iraq's actions a clear violation of the provisions of the council's earlier resolutions.
It also demands that Iraq grant "immediate and unrestricted access" to all sites designated for inspection by UNSCOM (emphasis added).
June 13, 1996 Despite the adoption of Resolution 1060, Iraq again denies access to another inspection team.
November 1996 Iraq blocks UNSCOM from removing remnants of missile engines for in-depth analysis outside Iraq.
June 1997 Iraqi escorts on board an UNSCOM helicopter try to physically prevent the UNSCOM pilot from flying the helicopter in the direction of its intended destination.
June 21, 1997 Iraq again blocks UNSCOM teams from entering certain sites for inspection.
June 21, 1997 The Security Council adopts Resolution 1115,
which condemns Iraq's actions and demands that Iraq allow UNSCOM's team immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access to any sites for inspection and officials for interviews (emphasis added).
September 13, 1997 An Iraqi officer attacks an UNSCOM inspector on board an UNSCOM helicopter while the inspector was attempting to take photographs of unauthorized movement of Iraqi vehicles inside a site designated for inspection.
Yep, the regime cooperates all right.
September 17, 1997 While seeking access to a site declared by Iraq to be "sensitive," UNSCOM inspectors witness and videotape Iraqi guards moving files, burning documents, and dumping ash-filled waste cans into a nearby river.
November 12, 1997 The Security Council adopts Resolution 1137, condemning Iraq for continually violating its obligations, including its decision to seek to impose conditions on cooperation with UNSCOM
(emphasis added). The resolution also imposes a travel restriction on Iraqi officials who are responsible for or participated in instances of non-compliance.
November 3, 1997 Iraq demands that US citizens working for UNSCOM leave Iraq immediately.
Only US citizens? That's not a warlike move, is it?
December 22, 1997 The Security Council issues a statement
(Note: They're no longer demanding) calling upon the government of Iraq to cooperate fully with the commission and stresses that failure by Iraq to provide immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access to any site is an unacceptable and clear violation of Security Council resolutions
(emphasis added) (NO IT HASN'T!!! RESOLUTION AFTER RESOLUTION!!! DEFIANCE AFTER DEFIANCE!!! STILL THE UN TAKES NO ACTION!!! WHAT THE FUCK DOES IT TAKE TO GET THIS STUFF THROUGH TO YOU PEOPLE???)
February 20-23, 1998 Iraq signs a Memorandum of Understanding with the United Nations on
February 23, 1998. Iraq pledges to accept all relevant Security Council resolutions, to cooperate fully with UNSCOM and the IAEA, and to grant to UNSCOM and the IAEA "immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access for their inspections
I didn't write the "(emphasis added)"s.
Now, from another timeline...
Oct. 29, 1997: Iraq demands that Americans on the U.N. Special Commission inspection team leave; the Americans leave temporarily but return Nov. 20.
Jan. 13, 1998: Iraq temporarily withdraws cooperation, claiming that the inspection team had too many U.S. and British inspectors.
Jan. 22, 1998: Iraq refuses inspection of presidential sites.
Feb. 20-23, 1998: U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan secures Iraq's cooperation and unrestricted access to inspectors.
Oct. 31, 1998: Iraq ends all forms of cooperation with UNSCOM.
UNSCOM withdraws. [This goes back to Resolution 715, remember?]
Nov. 14, 1998: Iraq allows inspections to resume.
Dec. 16, 1998: UNSCOM removes all staff from Iraq after inspectors conclude Iraq is not fully cooperating.
Four days of U.S. and British airstrikes follow.
June 30, 1999: Richard Butler completes his two-year term as executive chairman of UNSCOM.
Dec. 17, 1999: U.N. replaces UNSCOM with UNMOVIC, the U.N. Monitoring Verification and Inspection Commission. Iraq rejects the resolution.
They rejected the first resolution, remember?
March 1, 2000: Hans Blix assumes post of executive chairman of UNMOVIC.
November 2000: Iraq rejects new weapons inspections proposals.
July 5, 2002: In talks with Annan, Iraq rejects weapons inspections proposals.
Aug. 1: In a letter to Annan, Iraq invites Blix to Iraq for technical discussions on remaining disarmament issues. They already agreed to accept inspections unconditionally. There's nothing technical to discuss.
Aug. 6: Annan writes to Iraqis pointing out that what they are proposing is at odds with U.N. resolutions and asks that Iraq accept inspections. If he was white, this would still be a stupid thing to say.
Sept. 12: President Bush tells the United Nations it must rid the world of Saddam's biological, chemical and nuclear arsenals, or stand aside as the United States acts. Hey, the world does not just stand aside and let other people act... oh...
Sept. 16: Iraq unconditionally accepts the return of U.N. weapons inspectors.